What to expect at hemorrhoid exam and how to prepare to the procedure

Hemorrhoids may be an embarrassing topic to speak openly about, but they are actually quite common. Unfortunately, there is not too much that you can do to prevent a hemorrhoid from forming. Hemorrhoids can be caused by both genetics and environment, which can make them quite tricky to avoid. Because of the general area of the body that hemorrhoids form on, and the stigma, many people do not know what to expect from an examination or treatment. Researching and making an effort to understand what you will be going through during examination and treatment is the best thing that you can do when facing a hemorrhoid problem. This article has been written to help you know what to expect at a hemorrhoid exam and to provide you with basic knowledge, which will inform you of how to prepare for a hemorrhoid exam.

hemorrhoids exam

Hemorrhoid Exam: What to Expect

Because the subject is so stigmatized in the media, it can be challenging to know what to expect in a hemorrhoid exam. Furthermore, embarrassment may cause you to simply move forward without asking questions. This is unwise, as it is always better to be informed rather than going into a situation without information. Your doctor will always know how to explain a hemorrhoid exam to you. Truth be told, the exam is far less scary than media would push you to think.

You may be wondering ‘do they give you medication before a hemorrhoid exam?’ The answer is not usually. Unless the area is exceedingly painful, examinations are done simply and without any kind of medications. Should the area be so tender it hurts to touch, your doctor may select to use a numbing cream while performing the examination.

There are two possibilities for a hemorrhoid exam. In many cases, should your hemorrhoids be external, your doctor may first do a visual examination of the inflamed area. Secondly, the doctor may then conduct a physical examination with a gloved finger that has been lubricated to feel the hemorrhoids both internally and externally. Should they feel that they cannot determine a diagnosis this way, then they may then decide on the second possibility.

Your doctor may use an anoscope to check for problems inside your rectal cavity. The anoscope is inserted an inch into your anus and the doctor then can determine if there are also internal problems. This is an anoscope hemorrhoid exam.

Should your doctor suspect that your hemorrhoid problem is being caused by digestive disorders, they may refer you to a specialist. This specialist can conduct their own exam to determine if a digestive disorder is causing your discomfort and help you solve your hemorrhoid problems.

Preparing for a Hemorrhoid Exam: the Facts

You may wonder what you need to do to prepare for a hemorrhoid exam. Before you call your doctor, write down all of your symptoms so you may communicate clearly what you are suffering from. Make a list of all of the medications, supplements, or vitamins that you regularly take, so your doctor knows tro take them into consideration while evaluating your hemorrhoid problems. Furthermore, should your doctor assign any pre-exam restrictions, be sure to follow them. If your doctor requests for you to fast for eight hours before your exam, be sure to do just that. Not following exam restrictions can make the results of your exam less accurate.

What to Expect in a Hemorrhoid Exam for Women

You may be wondering if female hemorrhoid exams are conducted any differently from male ones. Hemorrhoids are both common for men and women and there is no difference in the examination. A woman may be referred to a specialist if their vagina and anus are abnormally close together and a hemorrhoid is impacting their vaginal health. Otherwise, the examination is the exact same.

What Does Hemorrhoid look like?

Hemorrhoids are a cluster of swollen veins that sit either inside of your rectum or just outside the anus. As these veins swell, the surrounding skin can stretch and become irritated, especially during a bowel movement. As a result, hemorrhoids are the most common reason for anal bleeding. Compared to internal hemorrhoids, external ones can usually be painful, as there are many nerve endings around the anus. Furthermore, hemorrhoids are usually not a severe medical problem and will clear up on their own. However, should the hemorrhoids become too tender, or cause you problems with bowel movements, it would be wise to speak with your doctor and request a hemorrhoid exam procedure.


Hemorrhoid exams are simple, easy, and are done relatively quickly. Because the media shuns and stigmatizes hemorrhoids, you may worry about going to your doctor, but never ignore your own suffering and pain. Hemorrhoids can be cleared up with relative ease and it is always better to take care of your own health than to worry about social stigma.

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